What is the difference between work and employment?

Employment is a formal arrangement in which a person works in exchange for money. It is usually regulated by a formal contract. Work, as defined by the ILO, comprises any activity performed by persons of any sex and age to produce goods or to provide services for use by others or for own use.

What do we mean by meaningful consultation with persons with disabilities?

Meaningful consultation means actively consulting with a diversity of persons with disabilities and ensuring they are the leaders in designing, planning, implementing and monitoring access to work and employment reforms. A key part of building inclusive workforces and shifting attitudes towards participation is active consultation with and leadership of persons with disabilities.

What does decent work mean?

According to the ILO, decent work involves opportunities for work that are productive and deliver a fair income; security in the workplace and social protection for families; better prospects for personal development and social integration; freedom for people to express their concerns, organise and participate in the decisions that affect their lives; and equality of opportunity and treatment for all women and men.

What is engaging employers?

Engaging with employers means working with employers in both the public and private sectors with support and training on recruiting, training and hiring persons with disabilities, making reasonable accommodations and ensuring job retention.

What is an intersectional approach?

An intersectional approach takes into account the historical, social, cultural and political context, and recognises how different forms of social, cultural, political and economic discrimination impact people with different identities (such as class, race, gender, disability, ethnicity, religion, age and sexual preference).It means looking at how the intersections of these different identities impacts a person from being privileged to being highly excluded or oppressed. It requires looking at the needs and issues of the most disadvantaged groups in order to tackle discrimination and equality.

What is intersectional oppression?

Intersectional oppression arises from a combination of different oppressions that together produce something unique and distinct from any one form of discrimination standing alone. It occurs when persons have multiple identities that are considered oppressed and/or non-majority such as racial minority, religious minority, ethnic minority, disability, gender, or sexual preference.

What do we mean by targeting the most marginalised?

Policies and programmes should be targeted to support persons with disabilities most excluded from accessing poverty reduction, social protection and basic services such as women with disabilities, youth with disabilities, and those living in rural areas. These measures should use an intersectional approach to discrimination.